Yonsei KLI Level I Grammar

Just for reference in this post I will be posting the grammar patterns that are covered during level I of the Yonsei KLI Regular Program. They will be in the order they are taught.

1.1.1- 입니다 // 은/는  (“To be” // Particle for designation of main idea, topic, or compare).

1.1.2- 입니까 (Asking form of “To be”).

1.1.3- 이/가 // 아니다 (Particle for designation of subject // “Not to be”).

1.1.4- 습니다 // 습니까? (Present Formal Polite Style // Present FPS asking form).

1.2.1 이,그,저 (Demonstrative Pronouns).

1.2.2 도 // 있다, 없다 (“too” or “also” // “There is”, “There is not”).

1.2.3 에 (“to”-direction,  used with 있다, 없다 to indicate location “in” or “on” ).

1.2.4 하고 (“and” used to list nouns, can also be used as “together with” ).

1.3.1 을/를 (Particle for designation of the object of the sentence).

1.3.2 으시 (Honorific).

1.3.3 고 (“and” to list verbs, “and then” one action after another).

1.3.4 에서 (Designate place where action took place “at” or “in”).

1.4.1 에 가다 // 을까요 // 읍시다 (State direction(place) to go // Suggest activity together, “Shall we”, “Why don’t we” // Answer to suggestion by proposing “Let’s”).

1.4.2 지 않다 // 무슨 (Negation of action // “What kind of”, “What?”).

1.4.3 고 싶다 // 겠 (Wish or hope “want to” // Indicates intention).

1.4.4 으십시오 // 을까요 (Give orders // Ask opinion to listener).

1.5.1 까지 // 어요,아요,여요 (Denotes finishing point of time or place // Informal Polite Style)

1.5.2 지요? // 으세요 (Confirm information or obtain agreement “Isn’t/Aren’t” “Don’t/Doesn’t” // Honorific form of Informal Polite Style).

1.5.3 에 // 부터-까지 (Used with time to indicate time at which action was done // Used with place and time to indicate range between start and finish point).

1.5.4 었 (Suffix added to verbs to indicate past tense).

 

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